Fonds de recherche du Québec – Santé, Canada
The FRQS (Fonds de recherche du Québec – Santé) is the funding agency for health research in the Province of Québec. Established in 1964, the FRQS was the first provincial health research agency created in Canada. More than forty years later, the FRQS continues to play a leading role in planning and coordinating the development of health research in Québec and collaborates on a regular basis with other funding agencies in Canada and abroad.
The FRQS allocates nearly CAN $90 million (56 million EUR) annually in awards and grants for public-sector research into human health carried out today in universities and hospital-based research centres.
Aging is one of the four priority areas identified in FRQS's Strategic Plan for 2007-2010 and is an important cross cutting thematic area in many FRQS research centres and groups.
In particular, the FRQS supports three major infrastructures related to research in aging. FRQS supports one Network on Aging, the Québec Network for Research on Aging as well as and two Research Centres; The Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal (CRIUGM) and The Research Centre on Aging (CDRV) of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Sherbrooke. These three large infrastructures are entirely dedicated to research on aging.
The Quebec Network for Research on Aging's mission is to support interdisciplinary research on aging and to promote the maintenance of a critical mass of researchers, help increase overall research capacity, and stimulate the creation of research partnerships in this field. The Network currently has over 208 members, 81 of whom are graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. All student members are affiliated with Quebec's various universities and the FRQS's various research centres and institutes. The Network's members are grouped into eight research sections according to their primary and secondary research interests: Cognition, Seniors' Mental Health, Nutrition and Successful Aging, Urinary Incontinence, Geriatric Rehabilitation, Long-Term Care, Family and Professional Caregivers, and Health Care and Services. (http://www.rqrv.com/en/)
The Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal (CRIUGM)'s mission is twofold; to identify the factors encouraging healthy aging so as to increase healthy life expectancy; and to find solutions for coping effectively (in all respects) with the diseases and conditions that limit quality of life for the elderly and their involvement in social life. The Institut counts over 40 full time researchers in all health disciplines as well as a team of approximately 250 dedicated professionals including researchers, students, administrative staff and research assistants. Its research program addresses three thematic areas in health and aging; 1. Cognitive Neurosciences and Aging; 2. Health care, intervention programs and promotion of healthy aging; and 3. Aging and the Relationship between the Individual and the Environment. (http://www.criugm.qc.ca/a_index.html)
The Research Centre on Aging (CDRV) of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Sherbrooke's mission is to train future care providers, researchers and clinical researchers in the field of aging. The Institut is home to over 30 full time researchers who work in a variety of scientific disciplines. The Centre also counts 50 associate researchers and more than 100 other professionals who are committed to research in one form or another. The CDRV is one of the most important centres on aging in Canada. The main research areas at the CDRV are: Nutrition and senior autonomy; Cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases (i.e.Alzheimer's Disease), cancer, endocrine dysfunctions (i.e. diabetes);Processes and effects of sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass) ;Home support in the context of an aging population; Fall prevention; Social and psychological vulnerability among seniors; Telehealh, telerehabilitation and telemonitoring; Driving and road safety; Study of the biological mechanisms of aging and associated pathologies. The whole organised in three main axes: Clinical Axis; Society, Populations and Services Axis and Biological Mechanisms of Aging Axis. (http://www.csss-iugs.ca/cdrv/?L=en)
In addition to these three major research infrastructures, three other FRQS Research Centers; The Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research of the Sir Mortimer B Davis-Jewish General Hospital, The Douglas Mental Health University Institute Research Centre and the Research Centre of the Centre hospitalier affilié universitaire de Québec (CHA) all have specific research axes related to aging.
The Aging Axis of the Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research includes 12 researchers.
Theme A (four researchers) is Cognitive Neurosciences and Alzheimer's Disease. Here researchers focus on clinical research on stroke and dementia, involving studies of memory and language, recovery from stroke, brain imaging of dementia, and clinical studies of dementia and frailty. Theme B (eight researchers) is Molecular and Cellular Biology of Aging. Here researchers focus on basic molecular mechanisms of cell aging and Alzheimer's disease, including studies of amyloid, tau protein, cell senescence, telomerase, and oxidative stress. A second domain is radiochemistry studies of neurodegenerative diseases. A third domain is aging and bone, with studies of osteoporosis and fractures in the elderly. (http://www.ladydavisinstitute.org/research_axes.php)
The Aging and Alzheimer Research Axis of the Douglas Mental Health University Institute currently has 15 researchers. The focus of the Aging and Alzheimer Axis is on three major research areas: the mechanisms of stress perception and regulation; genetic determinants and biological markers underlying specific forms of dementia; and the neuronal substrates of memory and learning in healthy young adults. Based on the results from these research activities, an understanding is acquired of how aging and the diverse types of dementia are influenced by stress and genes. In addition, researchers of the axis contribute to the knowledge of how memory and learning is affected in old age. (http://www.douglasrecherche.qc.ca/accueil.asp?l=e&)
The Aging Research Unit of the Research centre of the CHA de Québec is part of the Centre d'excellence sur le vieillissement de Québec (CEVQ) (www.cha.quebec.qc.ca/CEVQ). The Centre is affiliated with Laval University and includes 21 researchers focusing on various aspects of aging research, from biomedical to social perspectives. Research activities focus mainly on the following aspects of aging research: epidemiology of Alzheimer's disease, long-term care research, health services evaluation, pharmaco-epidemiology, mobility and driving abilities, geriatric dentistry, geriatric ophthalmology, social gerontology and social participation. (www.cha.quebec.qc.ca/www/recherche/domaines-de-recherche/vieillissement/index.html)
Quebec is a renowned international leader in Research in Aging. FRQS, through the support it provides to research in this area, encourages collaboration between researchers at a local level, nationally as well as internationally. The FRQS is proud to be a member of ERA AGE.
More information: http://www.frsq.gouv.qc.ca/en/index.shtml